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Cloacitis (vent Gleet)

Infected Cloaca, Cloacitis, Pasting

Cloacitis, commonly referred to as vent gleet, is the inflammation of the duck's cloaca. It isn't a specific disease but more of a gastrointestinal condition that can be caused by a number of different reasons, including many types of organisms (fungi, protozoa, parasites, yeast, and bacteria). Cloacitis can even be brought on by stress, often associated with egg laying, bowel infection, or a hormonal-related uterus issue. Stress causes an increase in pH levels which predisposes ducks to developing infection in the cloaca and nearby organs including the rectum and uterus.

Early signs of cloacitis
Early signs of cloacitis in ducks include:
  • Pasting of the feathers near the vent
  • The presence of a soft (bloated) abdomen
  • Sudden dull appearance of feathers
  • A decrease in egg production
  • The presence of excess gas
  • Loose, watery droppings
The key to successfully treating a duck suffering from early stages of cloacitis is to properly identify the initial cause by visiting your veterinarian, before advanced stages.

Signs of advanced stages of cloacitis
Signs that ducks are suffering from advanced stages of cloacitis include:
  • Slimy (often bloody) droppings
  • The presence of a foul odor
  • A hard (solid) abdomen
  • Loss of appetite
  • Inflammation (red, swelling) of the vent area
  • The duck is straining to defecate

Symptoms

Soiled vent feathers
Decreased egg production
Dull appearance of feathers
Presence of gas
Watery droppings
Soft (bloated) abdomen
Slimy (often bloody) droppings
Foul odor
Hard abdomen
Loss of appetite
Inflammation (red, swelling) of the vent area
Straining to defecate

Diagnosis

  • History
  • Clinical signs
  • Physical Exam
  • Fecal culture

Treatment

UltraCruz® Poultry Probiotic Plus
Vetafarm Triple C Antibiotics
MethodMethod Summary
Keep the cloaca area clean and free of built-up fecesUsing warm, soapy water, gently clean any fresh or dried build up of feces off of the duck.
Using an oral syringe filled with a saline-solution wound wash, gently rinse out and massage the cloaca area.
Apply an iodine-based antiseptic (Betadine)
Repeat as often as needed for the next 3 or 4 days in order to make sure that the cloaca area is kept clean.
Antibiotics

Prevention

  • Reduce exposure to stressful conditions
  • Feed a balanced diet

References