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Slipped Tendon

Perosis

Slipped Tendon in Ducks Overview


Slipped tendon, also known as perosis, is a type of leg deformity that prevents the duck from bearing weight on the affected leg. If identified early enough when ducklings are still growing, and action is swiftly taken, sometimes the condition can be reversed, or at least improved. Slipped tendon is characterized by the enlargement of the hock joint, medial luxation of the Achilles tendon, and bending deformities of the mediotarsal and tarsal metatarsal bones.

Slipped tendon is thought to be caused by a manganese deficiency in growing ducklings. If the condition occurs during the first two weeks of the duckling's life, the deficiency is likely the result of a manganese deficiency in the diet of the breeder ducks (the duckling's parents). If slipped tendon occurs after the duckling is two weeks of age, it is most likely the result of a manganese deficiency in the duckling's diet.

Affected ducks may be seen having a difficult time walking, and continuously land with one foot on top of the other. Often ducks may present with a limp that worsens with time. In adult ducks, slipped tendons can often be misdiagnosed as sprains during the early stages of development.

Symptoms

Leg deformity
Lameness which worsens with time
Leg rotation
Knee swelling
Difficulty walking
Increased time spent laying down

Diagnosis

  • History
  • Clinical signs
  • Physical exam
  • Radiography

Treatment

MethodMethod Summary
Supplemental manganeseAdded to the diet, while ensuring not to provide excess calcium (calcium binds manganese)
SurgeryPerformed by an Avian veterinarian, may be indicated if identified during the early stages of the condition
Anti-inflammatory medications
ManagementProtect the duck or duckling from other flock members by providing a separate area for them to not be bullied by others, but can still see and interact with them.

Prevention

  • Provide feed specifically for waterfowl, not chickens or "all poultry".
  • Don't feed excessive calcium, as it can cause a manganese deficiency
  • Ensure adult ducks that are intended to be used for breeding purposes are receiving enough manganese in their diet, and not excessive calcium.

References

Blogs

Risk Factors

  • Manganese-deficient diet
  • Breeder ducks with a manganese-deficient diet
  • Bone fracture not healing properly

Also Consider