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Lily Of The Valley Poisoning

Convallaria Majalis Toxicity

Lily of the Valley Poisoning Overview


Lily of the valley (Convallaria majalis) is highly toxic to waterfowl. The flowers, leaves, and stems of C. majalis contain saponins and cardiac glycosides--specifically convallotoxin, convalloside, and convallamarin. Consumption of 12g of substance is lethal to waterfowl.

Symptoms

Irregular or slow heart beat
Behavioral changes
Loss of appetite
Lethargy
Depression
Coma
Death

Diagnosis

  • History
  • Clinical signs
  • Physical exam
  • Laboratory tests
  • Necropsy

Treatment

MethodMethod Summary
Activated charcoal2.8 g/kg administered orally
Supportive care

Prevention

References

Risk Factors

  • Planting lily of the valley plants near where ducks are kept or where they can access